Elkhart Lake is the largest kettle moraine lake in Sheboygan County at 292 acre lake. While it is relatively small compared to many other lakes in southeastern Wisconsin, it is one of the deepest lakes in the state with a maximum depth of 119 feet. Elkhart Lake has some of the clearest water clarity of lakes in Wisconsin.
Elkhart Lake is a natural groundwater seepage lake. The lake was formed by glaciers approximately 10,000 to 15,000 years ago as a large ice block left in the glacial till melted leaving a deep depression in the earth. The soils around the lake are predominantly sand and gravel that easily transmit water movement. The Great Lakes Water Institute study estimated that 71 percent of the water that inflows to Elkhart Lake enters in the form of ground.
Elkhart Lake Facts & Figures
- Area: 292 acres
- Maximum Depth: 119 feet
- Mean Depth: 46 feet
- Shoreline Length: 3.74 miles
- Lake Volume: 13,088 acre-feet
- Bottom: 42% sand, 43% gravel, 0% rock, 15% muck
- Hydrologic Lake Type: Spring
- Latitude, Longitude 43.82623130, -88.02509430
- Watershed Size: 1,536 acres
- Lake Organizations: Elkhart Lake Improvement Association & Village Of Elkhart Lake
- Boat Landings: One accessible from County Rd P
- Boating Ordinances: buoy placement, houseboat regulations, slow-no-wake areas, slow-no-wake hours, water skiing restrictions, waterway markers, speed limits (mph), motorboat prohibition, designated mooring area procedures
- Fish: Smallmouth Bass (Abundant), Largemouth Bass (Common), Musky (Present), Panfish (Present), Northern Pike (Present), Trout (Present), Walleye (Present). Refer to the Wisconsin DNR website for current fish consumption advisories, fish stocking information and fish regulations.
- Invasive Species: Curly-Leaf Pondweed, Eurasian Water-Milfoil, Ornamental water lilies (non-native Nymphaea sp.), Zebra Mussel